This condition is when urine involuntarily leaks from the bladder because the urinary sphincter is unable to prevent the leakage. Depending on the function level of the sphincter, the loss of bladder control or leakage may constantly occur when any urine is present or only during physical activities that stress the muscle. In a normal individual, the urinary sphincter is able to control the flow of urine completely but sometimes becomes damaged or weakened due to various reasons. The good news is that there are options for treatment for urinary incontinence.
Symptoms of urinary incontinence include:
- Sudden and urgent need to urinate
- Loss of urine in small amounts in between restroom visits
- The bladder may empty completely, involuntarily
- Leakage of urine from exertion or movements
- Frequent or constate urge to urinate or dribbling of urine when urinating
There are two types of urinary incontinence, and some women can experience both concurrently. The first type is called stress incontinence, which is when the stress of movement or pressure on the bladder causes the sphincter muscle to function improperly and allows urine to leak out of the bladder. Movements such as jumping, running, sneezing, coughing, laughing, or physical exertion can cause the leakage of urine. The second type is called urge incontinence, where individuals experience sudden and urgent sensations to empty the bladder, no matter if they just used the restroom and the bladder is empty. This type of incontinence is caused by an overactive, uncontrollable bladder muscle that pushes urine from the bladder.